Cobb County Government

Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products

Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) are an environmental health concern. According to EPA, PPCPs are increasingly being detected at low levels in surface water and there is concern that these compounds may have an impact on aquatic life.

What Are PPCPs?

Pharmaceuticals are drugs and medicines taken to treat illness, disease, and medical conditions in both humans and animals. Pharmaceuticals include antidepressants, tranquilizers, psychiatric drugs, cancer (chemotherapy) drugs, painkillers, anti-inflammatories, antihypertensives (e.g., blood pressure medications), antiseptics, lipid regulators (e.g., cholesterol medication), oral contraceptives, synthetic hormones, antibiotics, performance-enhancing drugs (e.g., Viagra), dermatology drugs (e.g., topical for acne, eczema, psoriasis, antifungals, steroids), and many other classes and types of drugs.

Personal care products include a wide variety of compounds, such as perfumes, musks, shampoos, deodorants, hair dyes, oral hygiene products, hair sprays, makeup, nail polish, sunscreens, body lotions, lipsticks, and creams.

PPCPs in the Environment

Pharmaceuticals and personal care products are excreted as waste or are rinsed from our bodies and washed down drains, into sewer systems, and often pass through treatment into the environment.

Wastewater treatment facilities are not designed to remove PPCPs from wastewater. Many PPCPs have persistent chemicals and compounds that remain biologically active after they leave the body or are disposed in landfills and waters. Hospitals, doctors offices, veterinary clinics, farms, ranches, and average homes are continual sources of PCPPs. We all contribute to putting PPCPs in the environment.

Environmental Effects

PPCPs are of concern for potential ecological and environmental impacts because they may be active at extremely low concentrations, are widespread and continuously released in large quantities, have unpredictable biochemical interactions when mixed, and at times may concentrate in the food chain and especially affect aquatic organisms.

Some of the known potential impacts on organisms include delayed development in fish, delayed metamorphosis in frogs, and a variety of reactions including altered behavior and reproduction.

Related Resources

Help Reduce PPCPs concerns

  • Research the products you purchase
  • Reduce your use
  • Don’t buy in bulk
  • Choose unscented and biodegradable products
  • Avoid antibiotic ingredients
  • Properly dispose of PPCPs
    • Never flush unused portions down the toilet
    • Seal in a container and throw in the garbage.
  • Utilize local medication disposal mechanisms for leftover and expired medication:
    • Cobb County has two free medication disposal events each year (in the fall and spring).
    • The Marietta Police Department has a drug drop box available 24/7.
    • We also have a fact sheet with disposal information linked under related resources.