The cases processed by the Criminal Division are categorized into three different types of cases: Traffic Violations Bureau (T.V.B.) cases (traffic citations allowing payment of bond/fine in lieu of court appearance), Traffic cases (traffic citations that require a court appearance or involve an accident), and Misdemeanor cases.
In 2017, the Criminal Division filed 5,503 misdemeanor cases and 41,149 traffic cases.
All misdemeanor and traffic dispositions that are required to be reported in compliance with Georgia Law are reported to the Department of Driver Services (DDS) and Georgia Crime Information Center (GCIC).
When filing a Motion for Leave of Absence an original must be filed for each case. Or, if filing one leave, a list of cases must be provided along with a copy for each case file. Per a standing order of this court, the Court does not require an order to be filed with each case.
Criminal calendars are printed each week; three weeks in advance of the scheduled date. Notice of court dates are acknowledged in person by the defendant, or mailed. If notice is mailed, a copy is sent to the defendant, surety and attorney.
It is the defendant’s responsibility to notify the court in writing of any change of address. Sureties and attorneys are also responsible for notifying the court in writing of any change of address. The change of address must be submitted on each case in which the defendant, surety, and/or attorney is associated. Failure to do so could result in not receiving notification of a court date change, which could result in a bench warrant being issued for failure to appear.
Traffic Violations Bureau (T.V.B.) cases are minor driving offenses that occur in unincorporated Cobb County in which the violator has the option of posting a bond (paying a fine) in lieu of a court appearance.
Traffic cases are more serious offenses that involve an accident or require a court appearance. These cases are maintained as part of the Court's official misdemeanor docket. In some instances when certain criteria are met, minor traffic offenses in which an accident occurred are payable in lieu of a court appearance. If required by state law, dispositions of traffic cases are submitted to the Department of Driver Services (DDS) and Georgia Crime Information Center (GCIC).
Misdemeanor cases are those misdemeanor offenses that primarily do not involve traffic offenses. The majority of cases involve charges such as shoplifting, simple battery, bad checks, etc. All defendants are required to appear in court when charged with a misdemeanor offense.